The ‘Convention on Wetlands’ called the Ramsar Convention, signed in Ramsar, Iran, in 1971, is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources. Wetlands are the only ecosystem to have a dedicated multilateral environmental agreement of their own, the Ramsar Convention. Currently, there are 171 Contracting Parties to the Convention, with 2395 wetland sites, totaling over 253,911,099 ha., designated as Wetlands of International Importance.
Under the “three pillars” of the Convention, the Contracting Parties commit to:
- work towards the wise use of all their wetlands;
- designate suitable wetlands for the list of Wetlands of International Importance (the “Ramsar List”) and ensure their effective management;
- cooperate internationally on transboundary wetlands, shared wetland systems and shared species.
For details visit ramsar.org
India and the Ramsar Convention
India became a party to Ramsar Convention on 01.02.82 and so far, 37 wetlands covering 16 States have been designated as Ramsar sites.
India was a member of the Standing Committee from 1999-2002
Map of Ramsar sites in India