Forest Protection (FP)

MoEFCC > Division > Forest Divisions > Forest Protection (FP) > Introduction


With a view to minimizing fire hazards and controlling forest fires a project was launched during the 9th Plan period in two States with the assistance of United Nations Development Program (UNDP). Later on, this project was first extended to ten Sates and then to the whole country. To consolidate its gains, the project was formalized during the 10th Plan into a Centrally Sponsored Scheme called “Integrated Forest protection Scheme (IFPS)”. The IFPS has been allowed to continue during 11th Plan period with the new name Intensification of Forest Management Scheme (IFMS) by adding 4 new components.

Objective/ Justification for the scheme:

The IFM Scheme was designed to address the most pressing needs of forest protection. The components of the scheme included forest fire control and management, survey, demarcation and preparation of working plans, strengthening of infrastructure such as roads, camp offices, watch towers, improved mobility, fire arms and use of modern information and communication technology etc.

Details of Scheme:

The Scheme has 7 seven components as detailed below.

1.Forest Fire Control & Management: Creation of fire-lines, Construction of watch towers, and Engagement of firewatchers and assistance to Joint Forest Management Committees (JFMC).

2.Strengthening of Infrastructure: Construction of field offices, transit camps, inspection huts, forest roads and provision for field vehicles, computers, GIS and other equipments including arms and ammunitions.

3.Survey, Demarcation and Working Plan Preparation: Field survey, boundary demarcation, enumeration, Purchase of Material for working plan preparation and Purchase of equipment for survey and enumeration (GPS etc).

4.Protection and conservation of Sacred Groves: Inventorization of the Sacred Groves in each State/UT, Cultural operations including weeding, bush cutting, ANR, soil moisture conservation works and Research/ studies and other miscellaneous works.

5.Conservation and Restoration of Unique Vegetation & Ecosystem: Inventorization of the resources and Research & Development studies to develop protocols to improve its regeneration, mass multiplication, specific studies related to trade, policy and support for various cultural operations.

6.Control and Eradication of Forest Invasive Species: Providing assistance to the State/ UT Forest Department and their research organisations for carrying out studies and research on Forest Invasive Species, and their control and management. The Studies and research include activities such as survey, surveillance, biological studies, field control trials, etc.

7.Preparedness for Meeting Challenges of Bamboo Flowering and Improving Management of Bamboo Forests:   The activities under this component would include- support to the State/ UT Forest Department and to their research institutions for carrying out studies, research, surveillance and survey of the bamboo areas and in the event of detection of flowering (gregarious/ sporadic). In addition to this it aims to improve the management of bamboo areas for removing decongestion, improving clump/ Culm quality, gap planting, use of quality planting material, etc.

Components at sr no 4 to 7 have been included in the 11th Five Year plan.

Funding Pattern

The funding pattern of the scheme is given below:

Component All the North Eastern States including Sikkim & Special category States namely Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand All other States / UT’s

All components

Central Share

State Share

Central Share

State Share