Botanical Survey of India (BSI)

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Botanical Survey of India (BSI)

The Botanical Survey of India (BSI) is the apex research organization under the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Govt. of India for carrying out taxonomic and floristic studies on wild plant resources of the country. It was established on 13th February, 1890 with the basic objective to explore the plant resources of the country and to identify the plants species with economic virtues. The Botanical Survey of India has the nine regional circles situated at different regions of the country. The following are the activities being carried out by the BSI:


  • Exploration, inventorying and documentation of phytodiversity in general and protected areas, hotspots and fragile ecosystems in particular; publication of National, State and District Floras.
  • Identification of threatened/red list species and species rich areas needing conservation; ex-situ conservation of critically threatened species in botanical gardens.
  • Survey and documentation of traditional knowledge (ethno-botany) associated with plants.
  • Develop a National database of Indian plants, including herbarium and live specimens, botanical paintings/illustrations, etc.


  • Revisionary/Monographic studies on selected plant groups.
  • Qualitative analysis of nutritive value of ethno-food plants and other economically useful species.
  • Capacity building in plant taxonomy through refresher courses and post M.Sc. certificate course.
  • Environment Impact Assessment of areas assigned by the ministry.
  • Develop and maintain Botanical Gardens, Museums and Herbaria.
  • Preparation of Seed, Pollen and Spore Atlas of Indian Plants.