Subject :� Procedure for clearance by GEAC for import
of GM Products.
Detailed procedure for R&D (contained use),� intentional release and GM Food are outlined below.
A.�������������� Procedure for �import of GMOs/ LMOs for R & D.
The procedure to be followed and information to be
submitted and the agency to accord approval (IBSC/RCGM/ NBPGR) have been well
defined in the Rules 1989, Plant Quarantine (Regulation of Imports into India)
� Order, 2004 issued by National Bureau for Plant Genetics & Resources
(NBPGR), Recombinant DNA Safety Guidelines, 1990,� Revised Guidelines For Research In Transgenic Plants &
Guidelines For Toxicity And Allergenicity Evaluation Of Transgenic Seeds,
Plants And Plant Parts, 1998 and Guidelines for import of germplasm, 2004 by
B.�������������� Procedure for �import of GMOs/ LMOs for intentional Release (including field trials).
The procedure (including field trials) to be followed, information to be
submitted and the agency to accord approval (IBSC/RCGM/GEAC/ICAR) have been
well defined in the Rules 1989 and Biosafety guidelines of 1990 and 1998.� The information/proforma is available on
MoEF website http://moef.nic.in.� (
Form II A and II B )
C.�������������� Procedure for �import of GM Foods.�
The GM food has been� divided into three categories namely:
a. LMO as Food Feed and Processing (FFP) (eg maize, Corn, Soybean, potato )
b. GM processed food derived from LMOs (eg Corn flour,Soymeal, potato chips)
c. Processed food containing ingredients derived from LMO (eg bread containing from non-GM flour but containing enzymes derived from GMO/LMO for increasing shelf life / non GM potato fried in GM soybean oil etc).
The following procedure shall apply for each of the above mentioned category:
i. GM food/feed as LMOS per se.
����������� For import of LMO as FFP
detailed environmental clearance of GEAC needs to be obtained for which
detailed biosafety and food safety studies need to be furnished. The GEAC may
stipulate additional studies taking into consideration the environmental risk
in case of accidental release. The importer would also require compliance as
per the provisions of Biosafety Protocol.�
The importer to� submit detailed
information as per the GEAC proforma for transgenic food. The prevailing Rules,
and proforma for GEAC clearance may be viewed at MoEF website: http://moef.nic.in.� (
Form III )
ii. GM processed food derived from LMOs.
In case of GM processed food, the GEAC� follows an �event based approval� in a given crop. The importer is required to obtain one time approval of GEAC for which the following information may be furnished:
of gene/events approved in the crop species for commercial production in the
country of export/ country of origin.
the product has been approved for consumption�
in countries other than producing countries
safety study conducted in the country of origin.
/ compositional report from the country of export/ origin.
further processing is envisaged after import. If so details of the same.
the gene/events from which the product has been derived� has been approved and is in commercial
production, marketing, use for food/feed in the country of origin/export.
������� The proforma for GEAC clearance may be viewed at MoEF website: firstname.lastname@example.org� ( Form IV )
iii. Processed food containing ingredients derived from GMO
If the processed food contains any ingredient derived from category i and ii mentioned above, and if the LMO / product thereof has been approved by the GEAC, no further approval is required except for declaration at the port of entry.� In case it does not have the approval of GEAC, the procedure mentioned at ii above may be complied.
The proforma for GEAC clearance may be viewed at MoEF website: email@example.com� ( Form IV )
D.������������ The shipping documents that should accompany each consignment is as follows:�
i.������������� In case of import of LMOs for R & D (contained use), intentional release and LMO as FFP, the shipping documentation prescribed under the Biosafety Protocol shall apply.
ii.������������ In case of processed food derived from LMOs/GMOs or food containing ingredients derived from LMOs/ GMOs shipping documentation as prescribed below shall apply:
of the importer and contact details.
Country from where it is exported /origin.
from the exporting country that the product contains/derived from gene/events
approved by the GEAC
approval no and date.
The information may be furnished as a stand alone
E.������������� The time frame for seeking the approval of GEAC:
�������� The applicant is required to submit their proforma for importing the product along with the requisite information to the GEAC at least 90 days before the shipment leaves the shore of the country of export.
F.���������������� Requirement under PFA.
�������� The GEAC clearance in no way obviates the requirement under Prevention of Food Adulteration Act.
The GEAC considers
these applications and provides opportunity for making presentation by the
applicant, if required.�
Modified: 15th May 2019