Did India vacillate, i.e. first oppose and later agree to the Durban Platform?

India was never in favour of an outcome that would mandate legally binding emission cuts for developing countries without clarifying the stance of developed countries on their mandatory obligations under a legally binding regime. It was precisely for this reason that India introduced the option of ‘legal outcome’, which EU supported by SIDS wanted to be dropped.

India stuck to its stand and made a counter proposal for inserting an option of ‘agreed outcome with legal force’ which found acceptance by all. This ensured that vital elements of India’s position including the stand on equity and legally binding agreement were not compromised. The legal effect of “legal outcome” and “agreed outcome with legal force” is same.