The Convention already recognizes the vulnerability of specific group of countries under its Article 8. The vulnerabilities are recognized for the purposes of adaptation. Beyond CBDR, there is no such distinction amongst countries in terms of mitigation actions. Moreover, several SIDS countries have much larger per capita emission and higher per capita incomes than most of the vulnerable communities in India. India has large coastal communities, islands that are equally if not more vulnerable to climate change than the SIDS. India has a large populace of poor whose poverty can and needs to be eradicated in the next two decades as the foremost priority.