Mangroves & Coral Reefs

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Mangroves and Coral Reefs

  1. Mangroves for the Future (MFF) is a unique multi- country, multi sectoral, partner- led initiative which builds on the long history of coastal management interventions and lessons learned during the course of post- tsunami reconstruction and rehabilitation. The initiative is founded on a vision for a more healthy, prosperous and secures future for all Indian Ocean Coastal communities, where all the ecosystems are conserved and managed sustainably and seeks to promote investment and action in ecosystem conservation for sustainable coastal development (MFF BrochureMFF Brochure PDF(1.4 MB)). MFF is being coordinated by International Union for Conservation of Nature, IUCN covering, initially, six Tsunami affected countries namely India, Indonesia, Maldives, Seychelles, Srilanka and Thailand. India has agreed to participate in the IUCN- MFF Initiative.
  2. Mangroves for the Future have two objectives:
    • To strengthen the environmental sustainability of coastal development.
    • To promote the investment of funds and effort in coastal ecosystem management for sustainable development.
  3. The initiative seeks to effect demonstrable changes and results across four key areas of influence: regional cooperation, national programme support, private sector engagement and community action using a strategy of generating knowledge, empowering institutions and people to use that knowledge and, thereby promoting good governance in coastal areas.
  4. Under this project, the National Coordination Body (NCB) of India was constituted on 22 October 2007 under the chairmanship of Mr. B.S. Parsheera, special Secretary, MOEF, and Government of India. The NCB comprises 13 members (NCB compositionPDF(4.16 MB)) representing government, research organisations and private sector. Subsequently a smaller working group of NCB was also constituted for efficiently carrying out the daily project activities. There have been 2 NCB member meetings and 3 core group meetings (Minutes of the meetingsPDF(3.84 MB)) till date to plan and review the progress of the country initiative.
  5. NCB has finalized the four focal States for MFF India project namely Gujarat, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa. The National Strategy and Action Plan (NSAPPDF(2.33 MB)) for conservation and management of the coastal zone ecosystems spread across the country has been drafted under MFF India project. This draft was prepared by two national consultants, Prof. Kathiresan, an expert on coastal zone management and Mr. Sukhdev Thakur, a renowned forester. India NSAP envisages promoting conservation and management of coastal and marine biodiversity on three important aspects: (1) coastal restoration; (2) coastal livelihoods; and (3) Integrated coastal zone management. The draft was reviewed and approved in the second NCB Metting and is now being considered for publication for wider circulation.
  6. Small Grants Facility India has made a significant progress on project execution. We have already sourced USD 100,000 allocated under the Small Grants Facility by means of 6 small projects spread across country, linking governmental, nongovernmental and private sector players in a common thread seeking a common goal. Following are the 6 small grants project currently under implementation:

    Sl. No. Title Name of PI and Institute Sanctioned Budget (USD)
    1. Sustainable coastal livelihood: Integrated Mangrove- Fishery Farming System Dr. V. Selvam, MSSRF, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 25,000
    2. Study of the floral diversity and natural recruitments of mangrove species in selected mangrove habitat of South Gujarat Mr. C.N. Pandey, GEER, Gujarat 15,000
    3. Current status, threats and conservation measures of coral reefs in India- National brainstorming workshop and dissemination of inputs through publication in conjunction with international year of the Reef 2008 Dr. J. K. Patterson Edward, SDMRI, Tuticorin, Tamil Nadu 12,000
    4. Status of shelter belts in Southern India coastal line Gayathri Ramachandran, EPTRI, Andhra Pradesh 24,500
    5. Mangrove conservation and regeneration at Mithapur Tata Chemicals Society for Rural Development, Jamnagar, Gujarat 8,000
    6. Critical evaluation of alternate livelihood programmes implemented for reducing dependence of Sundarbans Mangroves and its ecosystem The Chief Conservator of Forests, West Bengal 15,000

    The small project facility aims at undertaking small studies which would serve to fill in the knowledge gaps and bridge the gap between works going on in different parts of the country. Under MFF programme specific guidelines have been prepared for the development and selection of the small grants projects (Guidelines for Small Projects) and these guidelines have been adopted by India for selection of each of all the projects under small grants facility. India has taken a lead among all MFF countries by successfully completing the first Small grant project. The National Brainstorming workshop on current status, threats and conservation measures of coral reefs in India (in conjunction with International Year of Reef 2008) undertaken by Sugandi Devdason Marine Research Institute was the first project among all MFF projects to be successfully completed. The workshop was organized by SDMRI on 29- 30 Dec 2008, at Tuticorin and it incidentally marked the close of the International Year of Coral reefs laying a strong foundation for future action.

    In fourth Regional Steering Committee meeting held in Jan 2009, India was granted additional funds of USD 50,000 and India has already shortlisted four project proposals for availing the additional funds. Shortlisted projects are listed below:

    Sl. No. Project Title Project Proponent Budget Requested (USD)
    1. Prospects of coastal ecotourism in India- strategies for conservation of habitats and generation of livelihoods Dr. M. Wafar, NIO, Goa 13,000
    2. Sustainable freshwater Aquaculture in mangrove dominated Indian Sundarbans Dr. Abhijit Mitra, Calcutta 12,000
    3. Demarcation of area for edibility and non edibility of edible bivalves in region influenced by Mangrove habitats along central west coast of India (CWCI) by determination of trace metal concentration in it and action thereof. Dr. T.G. Jagtap, NIO, Goa 12,000
    4. Mangrove restoration and afforestation: Participatory assessment of current practices Dr. V. Selvam, MSSRF, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 16,000
  • Large Grants:Besides this MFF also has Large project funding facility in which a grant amount of USD 300,000/- is given to individual projects of project duration of 2 years. As in case of small grants projects, Specific guidelines have also been developed for the preparation of the large project proposals (Large Project Guidelines). India is in the process of availing these funds and has already shortlisted 4 projects from the received 15 proposals in response to call for large projects. These 4 projects have been endorsed by NCB and sent to the MFF secretariat for the further appraisal process.
    Sl. No. Title of the Project Submitted by Requested Budget (USD)
    Alternative Livelihood options for vulnerable mangrove resource users in the Sundarban Tiger Reserve, West Bengal
    N.C. Bahuguna, Director, Sundarban Biosphere Reserve, Govt. of West Bengal 300,000
    Coral Restoration for coastal resource management and enhancement of livelihood, awareness and capacity in Gulf of Mannar, Southeastern India
    Suganthi Devadason Marine Research Institute (SDMRI) 1, 49,875
    3. Sea Turtle Conservation in India Dr. C.N. Pandey, Director, GEER Foundation 307,975
    4. Mangrove restoration on the coast of Gulf of Khambhat (Gujarat) with community empowerment PCCF & Chief Wildlife Warden, Gujarat Forest Department (GoG) 306,282
  • Indian Coral Reefs Monitoring Network (ICRMN) Indian Coral Reefs Monitoring Network (ICRMN) PDF(828.11 KB)
  • Mangrove for the Future (MFF) – IUCN India Programme – Guidelines for concept notes/proposals (Small Grants Projects) Mangrove for the Future (MFF) - IUCN India Programme - Guidelines for concept notes/proposals (Small Grants Projects) PDF(428.11 KB)
  • Mangrove for the Future (MFF) – IUCN India Programme Call for concept notes for Small Grants Projects. Mangrove for the Future (MFF) - IUCN India Programme Call for concept notes for Small Grants Projects.PDF(396.71 KB)
  • Deadline for concept note extended till 27th, June 2011. Deadline for concept note extended till 27th, June 2011. PDF(3.00MB)
  • Handing Over  ceremony of MAB, UNESCO certificate to Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve Handing Over  ceremony of MAB, UNESCO certificate to Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve  PDF(3.21 MB)