The layer of Greenhouse Gases (GHG), including carbon dioxide (CO2), methane, nitrous oxide and others, in their optimum concentration in Earth’s atmosphere, acts like a protective blanket which maintains its temperature and the natural ecosystem. Lately, anthropogenic (human induced) activities, mainly burning of fossil fuels, have resulted in increasing the concentration of these gases which in turn trap extra heat and increase Earth’s average temperature leading to climate change. This in turn leads to a wide-ranging impact including sea level rise, melting of snow and glaciers, changes in weather patterns, increased frequency and intensity of extreme events and natural disasters etc.
The policies and programmes implemented by the government show that environmental protection is one of the central pillars of India’s governance framework. The National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) was launched in 2008 with eight National Missions. Most ministries and departments have been working in collaboration to implement and to achieve the goals set in NAPCC. On the lines of the NAPCC, majority of the states and union territories have prepared their State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) with the aim of contributing to achieving the national goals and meeting the state priorities.For details (https://cckpindia.nic.in).